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Gender Pay Gap

definition and explanation

Synonyms:

Gender Wage Gap

What is

Gender Pay Gap

The gender pay gap is the difference in earnings between men and women. It is usually expressed as a percentage of men's earnings. The gender pay gap is largest in the top earners and smallest in the bottom earners. In the United States, the gender pay gap is widest among white women and narrowest among black women.

Gender Pay Gap

explained

The gender pay gap is the difference in the average hourly earnings of men and women. The gender pay gap is expressed as a percentage of men’s earnings.

The gender pay gap in the United States is 18.1%. This means that, on average, women earn 81.9% of what men earn.

There are many factors that contribute to the gender pay gap. Some of these factors include:

  • The prevalence of women in low-paying occupations
  • The prevalence of women in part-time work
  • Occupational segregation (the segregation of men and women into different occupations)
  • The motherhood penalty (the fact that mothers are often penalized in the workforce)
  • The wage gap between women and men with the same level of education

The gender pay gap is a complex issue with many factors contributing to it. In order to close the gender pay gap, we need to address all of these factors.

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